A-pinene is the most widely encountered terpenoid in nature. It has an insect-repellent role in many plants.1 Found commonly in pine, α-pinene and β-pinene’s variety of effects include:1,2

  • Anti-inflammatory (via PGE-1)
  • Bronchodilator in humans
  • Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors – aid memory and sharpness. This feature could attenuate short-term memory deficits caused by THC
  • Antibiotic (equally effective as vancomycin against MRSA and other resistant bacteria)
  • Antioxidant
  • Anxiolytic
  • Anti-metastatic and anti-tumour activity


  1. Kennedy, D.O. et al. Monoterpenoid extract of sage (Salvia lavandulaefolia) with cholinesterase inhibiting properties improves cognitive performance and mood in healthy adults. J. Psychopharmacol. (Oxf.) 25, 1088–1100 (2011).[][]
  2. Andre, C., Hausman, J., & Guerriero, G. Cannabis sativa: The Plant of the Thousand and One Molecules. Frontiers in plant science 7, 19 (2016).[]
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