Myrcene

β-myrcene is a monoterpene which is commonly found in the hops plant, bay tree, sweet basil, tropical fruits, lemongrass and cannabis. It is the most prevalent terpene in modern cannabis chemovars in the United States.1 Its broad range of activity includes:2,1

  • Anti-inflammatory (via PGE-2)
  • Analgesic (analgesia effect exceeds that of morphine (4h), and is antagonised by naloxone)
  • Anxiolytic
  • Blocks carcinogenic effects of aflatoxin in the liver
  • Effects against peptic ulcers in rats
  • Sedative properties (weak support)
  • Muscle relaxant

References

  1. Russo, E. & Marcu, J. Cannabis Pharmacology: The Usual Suspects and a Few Promising Leads. Advances in Pharmacology 80, 67-134 (2017). doi:10.1016/bs.apha.2017.03.004[][]
  2. Van Cleemput, M. et al. Hop (Humulus lupulus)-derived bitter acids as multipotent bioactive compounds. J. Nat. Prod. 72, 1220–1230 (2009).[]
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