African Wormwood – Artemisia afra

African Wormwood - Artemisia afra
African Wormwood – Artemisia afra

Common names: African wormwood, wild wormwood (Eng); umhlonyane (Xhosa); mhlonyane (Zulu); wildeals (Afr). 
Botanical name: Artemisia afra

Family: Asteraceae 

“Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.”


Soft, feathery, aromatic leaves. Rich in essential oil (cineole, thujone, camphor, borneol). Highly attractive to and tolerant of black aphids, that then feed a growing population of ladybirds. Bitter taste. Thujone is a potential neurotoxin, causing hallucinations, don’t use long-term.

Perennial, will die back in winter in cold climates and re-sprout from base.

Family: Asteraceae

Plant type: Shrubs

Plant-animal relations: aphids, ladybirds


Soil type: 

Soil pH: 

Propagation methods:

Conservation status: Not threatened

Uses & Benefits

Important traditional remedy for a wide range of maladies. Leaves used as is gently inserted in the nostrils for blocked sinuses, as infusion, tincture (brandy), inhalations for coughs, colds, flu, fever; digestive upsets – loss of appetite; colic, intestinal worms; pain, headaches, earache.

Herbal tradition(s): Cape Herbal Medicine

Plant parts: leaves, roots

Herb actions: bitter, decongestant, vermifuge

Herb qualities: 

Phytochemical constituents: borneol, camphor, cineole, thujone

Plant preparations: dried, essential oil, infusion, steam, tincture

Scroll to Top